A UN panel has given a terrible report on climate change. According to estimates released by the United Nations Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on Monday, the global temperature has been said to increase by 1.5 degrees under any circumstances over the next two decades. The UN has called this report a threat to humanity. Many estimates have been made based on this report, which hides a dire warning for the coastal cities of India. NASA’s report estimates that by the end of this century, many coastal cities of India will be covered by 3 feet in the sea. Another report has raised alarm bells in the next 30 years itself.
UN report raises alarm bells for India
The United Nations Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report does not give detailed information based on cities but estimates that the sea level in the Indian Ocean due to climate change is 3.7 mm annually. Due to which the seawater will come in low-lying areas of 7,517 km of coastal areas of India, including big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Kochi, Kolkata, Surat, and Visakhapatnam. Based on this report, the American space agency NASA has prepared a Sea Level Projection Tool, whose microscopic analysis is very shocking for India.
12 coastal cities of India will be covered in the ocean up to 3 feet – NASA
Based on NASA’s tools, by the end of this century, i.e. in the coming 79 years, 12 major coastal cities of the country are estimated to be covered in seawater from half a foot to three and a half feet. Significantly, in the report of the UN panel, due to the extreme increase in heat, there is a possibility of increasing the temperature and due to which the glacier melts, due to which the sea level will continue to rise and the devastation will start in the coastal areas. For the first time, NASA has created this tool to measure sea levels all over the world, based on which the possible position of Indian cities has also been shown in the map prepared.
Gujarat’s Bhavnagar is most at risk
According to the map prepared based on NASA’s tools, by the year 2100, the cities of the country which are expected to be filled with seawater, the worst situation can be of Bhavnagar in Gujarat, which can be up to 2.69 feet in the sea. Similarly, Kochi in Kerala can fill 2.32 feet, Okha 1.96 feet, Tuticorin 1.93 feet, Odisha’s Paradip 1.93 feet. This situation can also happen in the country’s financial capital Mumbai, where seawater up to 1.90 feet can enter the city. Similarly, in Mangalore 1.87 feet, Chennai 1.87 feet, and Visakhapatnam of Andhra Pradesh up to 1.77 feet, water can come into the city.
What will happen in Mumbai and Maharashtra?
Similarly, Climate Central has also prepared a Coastal Risk Screening Tool, which has predicted the consequences of global warming till 2050. Even according to the possibilities given based on this tool, there are no good estimates for the coastal area of India. According to this estimate, the impact of climate change can be very bad in the coastal areas of Maharashtra. In this, 65 percent of Mumbai alone has been said to be submerged in water. According to this estimate, not only the areas like Colaba and Dadar, but also the suburbs like Bandra and Mira-Bhayander, Vasai, Virar, and Nalasopara can see seawater ingress. Apart from this, coastal areas like Mulund, Alibag can also be absorbed in the sea.
The condition of the cities of Goa and Gujarat?
NASA has not only described Bhavnagar in Gujarat as the riskiest city, but according to other tools also the western regions of the state like Surat, Bharuch, Bhuj, Kutch, and Gandhi Dham are most affected by sea-level rise. At the same time, there is no good prediction for Goa till 2050. This state, which is famous for its beach, will also face the impact of rising sea level, it has been estimated that.
Crisis on Kerala and Karnataka too
The cities of Karnataka which are at risk of being exposed to seawater include areas like Kavar, Gokarna, Kumta besides Udupi, Thekkal Thoda, Mattu Beach. Not only this, Maravoor Dam near Mangalore, New Mangalore Port, Kodaikanal, and Kodi can also be affected due to this. Areas around Kannur in Kerala such as Ezhikode, Munderi, Ezhom are at risk of being submerged in the seawater. Similarly, Erimbut, Thekkumkara, Peramangalam, and Ernakulam in South Kerala may also have to face the brunt of the increased sea level. The areas of Kerala that may be affected the most include Alappuzha, Kottayam, MB Puja, and Haripad near Kochi.
The danger of drowning in the sea is also hovering over these cities
According to this report, there will be a bad impact on the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu, 45 percent of the capital Chennai is expected to be greatly affected. Important cities like Sriharikota and Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh may also be hit by it by 2050. Coastal cities of Odisha such as Brahmapur, Gopalpur on Sea, Chhatarpur, the area around Chilka Lake may also be covered by seawater. Apart from these, cities like Bhitarkanika National Park, Paradip, and Kendrapara are also in danger of being immersed in the sea.